Rheumatism - what is this disease?
Earlier rheumatism was called all diseases, withwhich affected the joints and muscles, soft tissues and many other organs responsible in the human body for support and movement. In recent years, this definition was revised. Currently, the term "rheumatism" is replaced by "rheumatic diseases."
The concept of pathology
Rheumatism - what is this ailment? It is a disease that develops without apparent external causes. It begins with streptococcal infection and continues with damage to the joints, heart muscle, nervous system and some other organs.
Disease rheumatism occurs only after twoor three weeks after the patient suffered an infectious infection, the causative agent of which was streptococci. In most cases, such a disease is angina. Less often - pyoderma, affecting the skin.
The patient feels a sharp deterioration in health. His temperature rises. There is swelling, redness and tenderness of the joints. These symptoms are a sign of arthritis. Large joints are usually affected. They are the shoulder, knee and elbow joints. Less common pathology extends to small joints of brushes and feet.
The basis of effective disposal of rheumatism lies in the strict observance of the regime recommended by the doctor. With inflammation of the heart muscle, the patient should reduce the intake of salt.
To get rid of streptococcus are prescribedantibiotics of the penicillin series or macrolides. In the course of treatment should be included and anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs ("Ibufen" or "Diclofenac"). They help reduce the activity of inflammatory processes.
In the event that fluid retention occurs in the body, diuretics are recommended. In the treatment of vices, antiarrhythmics are used.
Diagnosis of the disease
The detection of pathology is possible only in the event that,when tests for rheumatism will be submitted. Their main goal is the detection of streptococcal infection. And it needs to be done in a certain time. From the onset of joint damage, six weeks must pass. The causative agent of the disease is determined when sowing a smear from the tonsils. The infection will be indicated by an increase in the amount of C-reactive protein in the blood, as well as an increase in ESR. Confirmation of the diagnosis is possible only with EchoCG and ECG, in which the functioning of the heart muscle is examined.