Intervertebral hernia: causes, symptoms and treatment
Intervertebral hernia - a disease in whichthe fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc is broken, and the nucleus is released outside. To understand the essence of the disease, it is necessary to know the anatomical features of the spine.
Individual pathologies of the spine (for example,scoliosis, osteochondrosis or subluxations) cause a decrease in the elasticity of the intervertebral discs, which becomes the cause of protrusion - a hernia. In this case, the nerve fibers that come out of the spine are compressed, which leads to a pain syndrome.
Intervertebral hernia: Species
Depending on the size of this pathology isin the form of prolapse (protrusion is 2-3 mm), protrusion (the size of the hernia is 4-15 mm), and also in the form of extrusion, which in the form of a drop extends beyond the intervertebral disc.
Causes of this pathology
Among the etiological factors that can provoke the development of the intervertebral hernia, we can distinguish the following:
- inherited features of the structure of the spine;
- weak muscle corset;
- infectious diseases;
- incorrect posture;
- diseases of the spinal column, especially osteochondrosis.
Intervertebral hernia can also occur due to sudden movements, excessive physical exertion, back injuries and other negative factors.
Most often this pathology develops at the age of 20-55 years. Among older people, this lesion of the spine is observed less often, since their nucleus nucleus loses its elasticity.
Intervertebral hernia: symptoms
This disease is accompanied by narrowing of the canalspine, which leads to compression of the nerve roots. Thus surrounding tissues swell and become inflamed. The patient experiences pain, which is localized not only in the place of the hernia, but also along the nerves emerging from the spinal cord. In addition, pain can also occur in parts of the body that are innervated by the affected roots. Patients also complain of impaired coordination of movements and changes in muscle strength.
It is worth noting that most often such pathological changes in the spine appear in the lower back, although they can develop in the cervical region.
Intervertebral hernia: treatment methods
Therapy of this disease is carried out in two ways: conservatively and by conducting an operation.
The operation is performed if the conservative treatment is ineffective. In this case, the pathologically changed disc is partially or completely removed.