pain in the foot
Pain in the foot is a characteristic symptom for such diseases as heel spurs, flat feet. It is also considered a sign of complication of diabetes.
Under the calcaneal spur is understood a growth, whichis located on the sole of this bone. This condition is not a pathology. Pain in the foot with this disease may not occur in all patients. However, if they are, they are unbearable and cause considerable inconvenience when walking. To eliminate this symptom, this structure has a special education - plantar aponeurosis, which is a strong tendon cuff. Its posterior end is fixed to the calcaneus, the anterior part is attached to the toes of the foot. Plantar aponeurosis plays the role of a shock absorber for the arch of the foot. Due to this, painless walking is ensured.
In the case of incorrect loads on the foot, whichobserved with heel spurs, flat feet, acquired and congenital anomalies, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, deforming arthrosis of the knee and hip joint, an inflammatory process develops at the attachment site of the aponeurosis. This leads to the appearance of pain in the heel. Therefore, this disease is called a planar fascice. For the treatment of a painful condition, orthopedic insoles, apothecaries are used, special medical blockades, taiping, laser therapy are carried out. The disease can be completely cured.
Pain in the foot is a constant symptom,which occurs with flat feet. Under this term, it is customary to understand the deformation of the foot, which is manifested by a decrease in the height of its arches. In this case, the disposition of bones and blood circulation in this structure is disturbed. There are transverse, longitudinal and combined flat feet. The main cause of the development of the disease is the weakness of the ligamentous apparatus and the muscles of the foot. For people of a young age is characterized by the appearance of flat feet after excessive physical exertion. the result is a pain in the feet.
A characteristic feature of the disease is a deviationthe first finger outside and its deformation. This feature is sometimes called "pits on the foot." The disease is complicated by the appearance of corns on the soles. As a result, a flat-valgus foot develops. To correct such a defect requires surgical treatment. It is possible to use conservative therapies, including taping of feet using special tapes.
If there is intense pain in the foot, thenapplied therapeutic blockade, magneto-laser therapy, treatment with ozone. All stages of flatfoot require wearing orthopedic insoles, medical gymnastics.
Diabetes mellitus can also lead todiseases of feet. This is due to the common defeat of the peripheral nerves and vessels during a prolonged course of the disease. As a result, the bones of the foot decrease significantly, some of them dissolve. This leads to deformities, the appearance of corns, ulcers, pathological fractures. A characteristic sign of exacerbation of diabetes is pain in the foot. There are ischemic, neuropathic, mixed forms of diabetic foot. For the first species is characterized by pallor of the skin, intermittent claudication, lack of pulsation of the arteries, soreness at rest and walking, development of necrosis of terminal phalanges of fingers. The neuropathic form is manifested by the appearance of convulsions in the lower limbs, deformities of the feet, edema of the tissues, calluses, ulcers.
To prevent the development of these complicationsspecial therapeutic and prophylactic measures are carried out, which include endolymphatic administration of medications, intravenous ozone therapy. Local therapy involves laser therapy, mineral baths, magnetotherapy.