Mitral valve: the main types of disruption of its activity


Everyone knows that the heart is the most importantan organ that supplies blood to the whole organism and ensures its continuous circulation. In medical practice, very often there are violations of the mitral valve, which is a bicuspid septum between the ventricle and the atrium. Its main function is to ensure that blood from the left ventricle enters the aorta. Thus, it is prevented from flowing back to the atrium.

If the mitral valve is unstable, thenthere is blood flow is carried out in both directions, we can talk about the presence of such a disease as vice. In the risk group are people suffering from rheumatism. Scientists have proved that enough one attack of rheumatic endocarditis and in the heart of the mitral valve is deformed, becomes less elastic, can even sag. Isolate and congenital malformations, but these cases are rare.

The defect of the mitral valve can be divided into three main types:

  • Complex flaw
  • Stenosis
  • Mitral insufficiency

The most mild form of the disease ismitral insufficiency, since it does not cause serious damage to the heart tissue, only the valve loses its functional purpose. Stenosis promotes scar formation in the atrium. A complex vice is a serious form of the disease, because it combines the two previous variants.

A very common disease ismitral valve prolapse. Its essence lies in the sagging of the leaves, due to their large size. As a rule, this can not bring unfavorable consequences. Symptomatic manifestations also do not, diagnose prolapse in general examination. The patient does not need special treatment, but a regular visit to the cardiologist is necessary, which should monitor the dynamics of the wings change in order to prevent possible problems.

Like any cardiovascular diseasesystem, a large-sized mitral valve can cause shortness of breath, rapid heart beat beat, and there is also no periodic tingling sensation. The most pronounced sign of vice is a prominent blush that looks unusually on the general background of a white, even cyanotic face. Cyanosis appears at the tip of the nose and ears, and the nail plate also suffers. Often, all of these symptoms can be accompanied by a sharp drop in pressure, a cough or swelling of the extremities.

Most often, a mitral valve is not required,especially if the violation of his activities is innate, not acquired. But in cases where such dysfunction can lead to the emergence of new, more dangerous diseases, you should intervene urgently. Depending on the severity of the disease, the specialist selects the optimal method of treatment. If there is no damage to the valves themselves, you can use the valve reconstruction method, modern medicine makes it possible to carry out such operations without much risk to the patient's life. But when scar tissue is formed on the valves, doctors usually recommend putting the prosthesis, that is, replacing the mitral valve with artificial valves. The new valve can be of mechanical or biological origin. Mechanical has the advantage of being a long service life. The biological valve is usually put to people of advanced age (from 70 years), as it significantly reduces the risk of blood clots.

If the defect is found in time and correctedproperly, then more such problems will not disturb you. And to prevent this situation, one should not neglect physical exercises for the development of not only the musculature of the body, but also the buildup of the heart muscle.