Diaphragmatic hernia of the stomach - not a reason for much anxiety, but a call to action
Hernia on the esophagusdiaphragm, which looks like a strongly protruding wall, is commonly called a hernia of the stomach. The diaphragm is a thin muscular plate that is located between the abdominal cavity and the thoracic cavity, it divides the cavity data and isolates the organs (lungs, aorta and heart) from the gastrointestinal tract and other abdominal organs. It has only one relatively large opening through which the esophagus passes.
If the diet and rest periods are not respected,heavy physical activity there is a disease of a hernia of the stomach, which in itself can not serve as an occasion for strong anxiety. Very often the presence of this disease does not require emergency treatment.
In world medical practice, there isan agreement that was reached with the participation of major specialists in the field of gastroenterology, who have extensive experience in the treatment of hernias that have arisen in the esophagus of the diaphragm. This agreement establishes the following rules:
- operations for the disease of a hernia of the stomach, treatment of consequences, are made only if the hernia occupies more than the third part of the esophagus;
- It is necessary to operate a hernia with complications, with an ulcer of the esophagus, and associated with bleeding;
- all other hernias are not operated, according to statistics it is more than 90% of all diseases;
- The operation does not eliminate the causes that contribute to the formation of a hernia, in all cases.
Causes of hernia formation
The main causes of hernia diseasestomach is considered to be a violation of the rules and norms for food intake, smoking and abuse of strong alcoholic beverages. In the event that a patient is diagnosed with a medical condition, indicating a hernia in the esophageal area of the diaphragm, he must organize his life differently. It is necessary not only to undergo a course of conservative treatment, which includes procedures aimed at eliminating the reasons for which the contents of the stomach are thrown into the esophagus, and also the elimination of the consequences of such casting. The patient must abandon the habits that caused the disease.
Symptoms of the diaphragmatic hernia
With a disease such as a stomach hernia, symptomsmanifest themselves in the form of pain. Most often this is observed immediately after an unbearable meal, with disproportionate physical exertion and lifting of heavy cargo. Tinea pain can occur with coughing and with flatulence, such a symptom is sometimes mistaken for the initial stage of pancreatitis. The pain may disappear or decrease after inhalation, vomiting, belching, changes in body position and the intake of alkaline solutions.
With the diagnosis of a hernia of the stomach, usually the pains are mild, dull, occasionally very strong and intensified when the body tilts forward, especially if there is inflammation and erosion.
Inflammatory process and erosion on tissuesdiaphragms are an occasion for urgent surgical treatment of the disease of a hernia of the stomach, and no other methods of healing without the use of surgical intervention, medical practice does not know. Every patient should remember that the process of transferring the operation "for later" in some cases can be extremely dangerous.
The first symptoms of hernia formation are notcause for great anxiety, but serve as a call to action. It is necessary to control the diet and volume of nutrition, reduce physical activity, do not consume alcohol. It is necessary to apply to a medical institution where specialists will diagnose and determine the degree of hernia formation, on the basis of which methods of further treatment will be indicated. Only an experienced gastroenterologist can decide on the timing and type of surgery required.