Convulsive syndrome can be life threatening
Unfortunately, the convulsive syndrome is not a phenomenontoo and rare. Especially often it occurs in children. The cause of seizures can be various infections, injuries, intoxications, diseases of the central nervous system.
The manifestations of this disease are very diverse in the following factors:
- State of consciousness;
- Form of manifestation;
- Time of appearance.
The convulsive syndrome is a pathologicala condition in which the striated muscles are involuntarily contracted. Most often it occurs with epilepsy, but it is possible with meningitis, encephalitis, spasmophilia and some other diseases. The onset of seizures often occurs with certain disorders in metabolism, overheating, severe diarrhea, or vomiting. Sometimes they occur with alcoholism, acute poisoning with psychotropic drugs. In young children, the development of convulsive syndrome is possible with neurotoxicosis, which occurs as a complication in the flu, as well as parainfluenza and adenovirus infections. In newborns, this condition can occur with congenital defects of the central nervous system, asphyxia, blood diseases.
Abbreviations can be localized or generalized when different muscle groups are involved in the process. In addition, there are cramps:
- Clonic or fast, when the contractions and relaxations quickly replace one another for a short period of time;
- Tonic. Characterized by a slow and long-term reduction in muscle;
- Clonic - tonic. They have a mixed character.
Their character and appearance largely depends onpathological process that caused the occurrence of seizures or provokes their recurrence. When a convulsive syndrome occurs, the patient has a wandering look, he loses touch with the outside world. Then there is a drooping of the head, clenching the jaws, the lower limbs are stretched out, and the arms are bent in the elbows and wrists. The pulse and respiration rate slow down. So the tonic phase proceeds with a mixed form of seizures. It usually lasts a very short time - a minute or a little more.
Clinical seizures may have differentduration, and in some cases lead to the death of the patient. They begin with twitching of the facial muscles, and then limbs are involved in the process. Breathing becomes very noisy, foam appears on the lips, skin becomes pale, tachycardia is observed.
When diagnosing convulsions,an important role is played by a detailed history of the disease, and for young children - the history of childbirth. Also for this purpose, use echoencephalography, fundus research, and in some cases, computerized topography of the skull.
If convulsive syndrome has occurred, emergency care is to maintain vital functions:
- Removal of mucus from the airways and ensuring fresh air;
- Control of cardiac and respiratory activity, and, if necessary, their restoration;
- Preventing the fall of the language.
Timely and properly executed actions often save a person’s life. Therefore, everyone should know the basic rules for providing such assistance.
If convulsive syndrome is detected, treatmentis to conduct intensive care. After the provision of the first emergency treatment prescribed anticonvulsant and dehydrating drugs. Today, there is a fairly large list of such drugs, and the doctor makes the appointment in accordance with the severity of the patient’s condition and the presence of concomitant diseases. Many experts believe that in cases of convulsions with the appointment of dehydrating agents, one should not especially hurry.