Umbilical hernia in adults and children

Health

Umbilical hernia - quite often surgicaldisease. In the area of ​​the navel, an opening is formed, through the thickness of the muscles and beyond the abdominal wall, the internal organs come out. Most often it is the intestine or omentum. The reason for the umbilical hernia is the weakening of the walls of the peritoneum and the umbilical ring. When acting on the umbilical ring of unfavorable factors, it can expand and thereby further contribute to a hernia.

Umbilical hernia in adults may appear inany age. Of course, a significant factor in countering hernia is good abdominal muscles, but they can not always save from the onset of the disease. Usually, in the first stage of the hernia, its size is small. In the supine position, the umbilical hernia in adults is easily set. Nevertheless, one should not reassure himself that the problem will always be solved this way. The umbilical ring wilts more and more with time, thereby increasing its diameter. Over time, large umbilical organs will fall into such an umbilical ring. The first is the omentum, and then the loops of the small intestine. In this case, immediate treatment is required. Note, treatment of umbilical hernia without surgery is impossible. The walls of the muscles must be sutured, so that there is no longer the possibility of relapse of the disease. If you use the methods of traditional medicine, you can delay the process and lead to more severe consequences (infringement, peritonitis). Usually, the operation of the hernia is quick and without complications, so you should not be afraid of surgery and delay it.

Umbilical hernia in adults most often occursbecause of the weakness of the muscles of the umbilical ring. At the same time, the weak muscles of the abdominal press aggravate the situation. Hernial protrusion may occur when lifting a heavy load, straining when sneezing. A weak umbilical ring can be from birth, because of weak motor activity, as well as to this pathology leads to a refusal to exercise, pregnancy, overweight, sudden weight loss, the consequences of surgery, belly trauma. All these reasons can provoke the appearance of a hernia in adults.

The hernia itself becomes visible to the nakedeye, so the signs of umbilical hernia to miss quite difficult. Most often there is an elevation in the navel. In prone position this protrusion is significantly reduced or disappears completely. Also on the hernia is an increase in the umbilical ring. It is noteworthy that at the first stage the hernia can not give pain, so it is important not to miss the visual symptoms of the disease. If the hernia has passed to the neglected stage, then patients may be burdened with eructations, constipation, nausea, irregular urination.

Umbilical hernia in adults can lead toinfringement of hernia contents. This happens when patients start the disease and do not go to the doctor. Pinched, in turn, threatens peritonitis, gangrene, the appearance of adhesions and necrosis of hernial contents. In this case, a fatal outcome may occur, unless urgent measures are taken.

At birth, babies can also have a hernia -they are called congenital, due to the intrauterine defect of the umbilical ring. Children's hernias are much easier to treat - the newborn is crisscrossed with the umbilical ring in a cross-way and this way the muscles of the peritoneum become stronger after a while, and the hernia does not protrude. However, sometimes such treatment is not enough and subsequently it is also necessary to resort to surgical intervention.

Both adults and children with a hernia orA suspicion of it must be followed by preventive measures. During pregnancy, women should wear a bandage, children from a young age practice abdominal muscles, and adults - to maintain normal weight and not lift weights. In this case, you can avoid surgery.