Stop bleeding depending on its type
There are different methods of stopping bleeding, the choice of which is determined by the nature of the damage, as well as the capabilities and abilities of the person who provides help.
Often people use the following method forin order to stop the bleeding. They pinch the bleeding area. If you have bandages on hand, then you can use them. In this case, you should immediately release access to the wound. Iodine tincture is applied, which is lubricated by the edges of the wound. Then put a bandage and press it firmly with your hand. If the bleeding does not stop, the patient must be rushed to the hospital, but before that you must do a pressure bandage. Sterile material in the form of swabs from dry gauze is placed in the wound itself, and around it, cotton wool is used in large quantities. All this is carefully bandaged. Such a stop of bleeding is widely used when damage occurs in the trunk region. If the flow of blood goes through the extremities, pressing may not be enough, since there is an arterial bleeding. Pressing is more intended for the suspension of venous bleeding.
Stop bleeding capillary is also notrequires special knowledge and effort. It is enough to impose a usual bandage on the wound. If such bleeding has arisen on the limb, then it is raised above the level of the trunk. At the same time, the blood flow to the extremity decreases sharply, the pressure in the vessels decreases and a blood clot that stops the bleeding quickly forms.
If you do not have a bandage or othersterile materials, the temporary stop of bleeding will require even more effort. Bleeding area can not be pressed down by what came to hand, for example, a handkerchief or some kind of fabric. Thus, it is possible to act only in those cases when the bleeding is too strong, and it directly threatens human life. Then you can neglect the rules of asepsis, and do everything possible to save the person. With a small bleeding, clean clothes are often used, and sometimes it is even possible to leave the wound unclosed for a while.
Another common way to stop bleeding is to apply a tourniquet. It is a rubber tube, which pulls the limbs slightly above the bleeding point.
If the tourniquet is tightened correctly, bleedingterminated immediately. At this time, the limbs pale. The main rule is to apply a tourniquet just above the bleeding site. For example, if you have a wound on the lower limb, a tourniquet is made in the hip area. If the upper limb is damaged, the tourniquet is placed somewhere in the region of the shoulder or forearm. It is also worthwhile to be careful not to leave the tourniquet for more than 2 hours. After this, the limb may become dead, even paralysis. Therefore, after applying the tourniquet, you must quickly take care of completely stop bleeding. If you can not do anything, then simply remove the tourniquet and apply a temporary pressure.
It is recommended that the harness be used only whenArterial bleeding is strong, and it can not be stopped. In other cases, stopping bleeding in this way can only harm a person's health.
The harness is often applied even when produceda serious operation on the limbs, for example, with the amputation of the leg or arm. First, the limb should be raised to allow blood to flow from the site of surgery, then apply a tourniquet in all the rules that were mentioned above.
Sometimes people make mistakes when applying a tourniquet, namely: they put it on the naked body, far from the wound, when its use is not required.