Coat of arms, hymn and flag of Mongolia
Each country has its own symbolism, which reflects the ideas of the people, its policy and individuality. Mongolia is no exception. The coat of arms and the flag, as well as the anthem - its main legal attributes.
The flag of the country and its meaning
The official confirmation of the Mongolian flag occurred in 1992. It was then that this national symbol turned into an inalienable attribute of the country.
The flag of Mongolia is divided into three verticalstripes: at the edges - red, in the middle - blue. On the red strip adorns the national symbol of Mongolia - "Soembo". This is a hieroglyph from the Mongolian alphabet, which is found on all the main attributes of the state.
The flag of each state always carries within itselfsome hidden meaning. And what does the flag of Mongolia mean? Red stripes on the flag symbolize the unshakable power of the country, as well as the harsh conditions in which this stubborn and strong-willed people have to live. The blue bar means heaven and hope.
The symbol "Soembo", which adorns the flag of Mongolia,also carries a hidden meaning. Thus, the flame depicted on it is a sign of the wealth and prosperity of the Mongolian people. The flame has three tongues, each of them - past, present and future - suggests that Mongolia was, is and will be a strong and prosperous country. Also, the eternal existence of this country is spoken by the sun over half of the month, which also form part of the symbol "соембо".
Two triangles with vertices down underrectangular lines depict spears, which will be hit by enemy troops. In the center of the symbol is the sign "yin-yan", embodying the male and female beginnings, as well as complete harmony between them. On either side of this column of symbols, long rectangles are depicted. These are walls that protect the state, and also strengthen everything that is inside.
History of the flag of Mongolia
As already mentioned above, the official flagMongolia, existing today, was approved in 1992, on January 12 - the year when the country became a democratic path of development. Before that time, there were also standards in the country, but a few others.
So, since 1911, when the country was calledMongolian People's Republic, the flag of the country was dark red with yellow stripes along the edges. The symbol "Soembo" was also present on it. Only he was depicted in the middle of the canvas, and not on the edge of the band, as in the modern version.
Since 1940, the flag of Mongolia has already taken shapemodern: appeared red stripes on the sides and a blue center. The symbol "Soembo" has already moved to the "proper place", and above it appeared socialist stars.
Coat of arms of Mongolia
The horse jumps over the land designated by the Wheel of Samsara. This is a Buddhist symbol, which means continuous development, which also speaks of the eternal existence of the Mongolian people.
During the twentieth century, Mongoliachange three national anthems. So, the first was used from the mid-twenties to the 1950s. Then for twelve years he was succeeded by the next one. And from 1961 until the end of the fall of Soviet power in Mongolia, the third hymn sounded.
After 1991, when the country reignedDemocracy, it was decided to return the first hymn, which sounded in the mid-twenties. He was slightly changed: they removed the lines dedicated to Lenin, Stalin, Choibalsan and Sukhbaatar.
In June 2006, on the day dedicated to the eight hundredth anniversary of the founding of the great Mongolian empire, a verse commemorating Genghis Khan was included in the hymn.