Criminal law is the most important branch of jurisprudence
Any state should protect its citizens,because it is stipulated in the constitutions of all civilized countries. In this connection, criminal law is an objectively formed branch of jurisprudence. It is necessary for the restoration of justice and punishment for wrongful conduct. Criminal law can be viewed from three positions - as legislation, science and academic discipline. As legislation, it is a regulatory framework. From the point of view of science, this is all material that people have learned (textbooks, monographs, scientific dissertations, etc.). And the academic discipline is characterized by a combination of means and methods of teaching criminal law in universities and other educational institutions.
Parts of criminal law
The traditional division into a common and special parthas also a criminal law. The general part includes the basic principles, tasks, responsibility, the operation of the law in space and time, circumstances that can exclude the crime of the deed. In general, these are the main provisions that form the criminal law. A special part is devoted to specific crimes, which are stipulated in the law. They can be classified for different reasons. As a basis in the criminal law, a constitutional model is taken, where it is first necessary to protect a person (crimes against the individual, the economy), then society (against public security and order) and, last but not least, the state (state illegal actions). Accordingly, according to the chapters, the Criminal Code is divided in this way.
The most important provisions that apply not only toto a separate industry, but also to the law as a whole, are called principles. These are the starting points, which are unacceptable in any situation. There are basic provisions that shape and criminal law. This is the rule of law, the equality of all before the law, guilt. We will tell you more about each of them. Legality is a general legal principle that has adopted the criminal law. This means that any government bodies, organizations and simply all people should act only in accordance with the law. In view of this, strict regulations should be unambiguous and should not be interpreted differently. Equality of all is ensured by the same punishment for the same act. Ideally, if the murder was committed by another person without any fixed place of residence, then he should serve the same punishment as a Duma deputy who committed a similar crime. The fault is justified: a person is responsible for what he has done.