Theories of motivation
In today's media space, more and more oftenthere is a mysterious word "motivation". No, in general it is clear that this is, roughly speaking, what pushes and motivates us to action. But not everything is as simple as it seems. There are certain theories of motivation that explain what it is and where it comes from, this
So, psychologists divide human behavior into 2stage - the motive and the action itself. Thus, motive or motivation is what causes us to take certain actions. To make it easier to understand where this initial stimulus to action comes from, so-called motivation theories were developed.
The origins of the motives of humanacts were also of interest to ancient philosophers. The first psychological theories of motivation arose in close relationship with the rational and irrational teachings. Thus, rational teaching explained human behavior from the point of view of the choice and decision-making, and
The first is behavioral, or behavioraltheory. It is believed that this approach is hopelessly outdated and has sunk into oblivion. In a nutshell, it can be described as a stimulus-reaction. There is a certain incentive, in the event of which there is a clear reaction. It is quite logical, although in the study of large groups of people gives misfires. So, for one and the same stimulus different people can react differently.
The second is closely related to the theory of needsMaslow, with its famous pyramid. Any activity serves to satisfy the needs of a certain level. At the very first level - physical needs, 2 - the need for security, 3 - the need for belonging to the group, 4 - the need for maorazvitiya, 5 - the need for self-realization.
Unlike the first two, the third branch, viz.- Cognitive theory of motivation, pays more attention to the process of cognition, acquisition, assimilation of information and how this all affects human behavior. Cognitive theory explains how a person perceives and interprets data obtained from without. Either way, external information acts on every person. When a certain piece of information is received, cognitive processes are launched. First, thanks to the attention is sorting, selection of information and its memorization. Almost immediately, categorization begins to work with attention, that is, a mechanism for recognizing what has caught attention. Finally, the third stage is attribution, that is, understanding what the person is doing. But this understanding depends on what we know about the outside world.