Reserves of Kazakhstan and their significance
Reserves of Kazakhstan were created in different waystime in order to protect these zones from human influence and preserve them for the habitat of rare species of birds, animals and plants. Today there are 10 reserves in Kazakhstan.
Almaty Reserve was organized in Zailiyskiy Alatau, in 1931. Today the territory of this high-mountain reserve occupies 80 thousand hectares.
The landscapes of the reserve are extremely diverse,it covers foothill steppes, forests, coniferous and deciduous forests, as well as alpine meadows and glaciers. The glaciers give rise to the mountain rivers Issyk, Talgar and Chilik and occupy more than 30% of the entire territory of the reserve. On its territory there is an interesting natural object - sand dunes "Singing Sands".
The animal world of the reserve is extremely rich, herelive 38 species of mammals and more than 190 species of birds. In the reserve there is a rare beast - a snow leopard, as well as many different animals, including eagles, deer, deer, gazelle, argali. From predators you can meet Tien Shan brown bear, fox, wolf, marten. A large number of species of plants and animals that live in the reserve are recorded in the Red Book of Kazakhstan.
At the reserve there is a museum, where you canTo see representatives of fauna and flora living on its territory. Of great interest are the works of the museum on the acclimatization of bison in the Tien Shan and the restoration of valuable species of coniferous trees.
In 1934 the reserves of Kazakhstan were replenishedanother security zone. Naurzum reserve is located in the Kustanai region, its territory is 80 thousand hectares. It was created to protect the Naurzum boron, which is one of the southernmost pine forests in Kazakhstan, and lakes are nesting places for waterfowl. On its territory sandy landscapes with pine forest and forest fescue feather grass steppe plains predominate, as well as solonetz-solonchak coasts and water areas of the Zharkol, Sarymoyin, Chushkoly, and Aksuat lakes.
In the Naurzum Nature Reserve, a scientificwork aimed at studying the interaction of steppe, forest and lake fauna, to solve problems of restoration of pine forest, much of which was destroyed in 1964 by fire.
Reserves of Kazakhstan are of great importance, which can not be overestimated. They protect the gene pool from complete extinction and give an idea of the natural biocenoses characteristic of this territory.