Entertaining history of the New Year
New Year is one of the most favorite holidays forof the entire world. Every nation celebrates it in its own way. And Russian citizens have their own history of celebrating the New Year, unlike any of the existing ones.
History of the New Year for the Ancient Nationsbegins in the laws of Moses and is timed to the revival of nature. March was a long time since the beginning of the year, for example, among the Romans and its beginning was celebrated in the first spring days, until the emperor Julius Caesar introduced a new calendar, starting in the year 45 of the Christian era. The pagan god Janus was the chief at this celebration. He was offered sacrifices, and people gave each other expensive gifts. So the tradition was laid to make memorable offerings on the day of the beginning of the New Year, which became mandatory for all the peoples of the world.
The history of the New Year in Russia developed inseveral stages. Initially, the New Year and we celebrated on March 1. It was believed that on this day winter departs and the time of sowing begins. People gathered feasts. They sang songs, played and led ceremonial dances. Wishing each other a plentiful harvest.
Another New Year's history in Russia begins with1492, when John the Third decree of the Moscow Cathedral decided to mark the beginning of each year on September 1. This was also due to the appointment of a single day for the collection of all existing taxes from the obrok population. The peasants on this day brought all the tribute, obrokas and various duties to the tsarist courtyard. The celebration took place in the Kremlin. The tsar himself arranged an audience and hosted the boyars and even commoners who came to him to seek justice and justice.
This story of the celebration of the New Year continuedbefore September 1, 1698. There is evidence that the celebration was organized in the Assumption Cathedral of the Kremlin by the voevod Shein. And Peter the Great himself showed up with his whole family, congratulated all those present and gave them to each on a filling apple. Numerous cups were raised, which were accompanied by volleys of 25 guns. The Tsar was already dressed in foreign clothes even then, and accompanied by his guard in German uniforms. And this was the last New Year, which was celebrated in early autumn. The new century began on January 1 on a new style from the Nativity of Christ.
Emperor Peter the Great understood that historyNew Year in Russia is part of the history of the people themselves. Therefore, he did not completely eradicate traditions. He explained his innovation by the fact that many nationalities live in Russia, who believe that the new year begins on January 1, that is, from the day of the Nativity of Christ. And for the unity of the country, it is very important that this festival becomes a day of unity of the population. And although the opponents of this innovation was quite a lot, the common people did not resist for a long time. Thus, the New Year began to celebrate, as in Europe, on January 1 of each year.
Now the history of the New Year was closely connected with thedecorating firs, fun games and skating with ice hills. Peter the First strictly punished for drunken revelry and approved of innocent amusements, personally willingly participating in New Year carnivals and assemblies. There were new traditions and customs. People came up with wards for their homes. Girls guessed on New Year's Eve, swept the floor under the table in the hope of finding grain grain. It was a good sign that promised a successful marriage to a cheated person.
And although the history of the New Year knows many suchwill accept, they are all basically good. People piously believe that if you clean yourself thoroughly in the house, it will bring happiness. On this day, everyone tries to dress beautifully, have fun with the soul, because there is a belief that promises a blessed year to him who will meet him well.
Well, everyone benefits and joy!