Habitat - area of distribution of taxon (family, genus, species)
Living organisms live on the globe everywhere: in land-air space, water environment, soil, and even in other living beings. Each species in nature lives in a certain environment, with which it directly interacts.
The area is called continuous if the species lives onthe whole area suitable for its habitat, or regularly occurs in its specific places. Sometimes organisms can populate isolated areas on the boundary of a certain territory or water area, forming so-called island locations. If the habitat disintegrates into several unconnected areas in such a way that the migration of animals and the exchange of seeds or spores in plants are not possible, it is called intermittent, or disjunctive.
Territories that are inhabited by certain speciesplants and animals, because of active human intervention they suffer changes, sometimes leading to their complete destruction. However, after the death of representatives of the flora and fauna that lived in this area, it is populated by new representatives of the animal and plant life. For the study of settlement determine the boundaries. To do this, the map indicates places where animals live or plants of a particular species grow, for example, a cheetah or Siberian fir. Such mapping helps to determine the location of plant and animal resources, the spread of pests of crops and forest lands, vectors of diseases, and so on.
On the same question as to what is the habitat,can be answered in the following way: it is an area with clear boundaries, within which a definite taxon is distributed and passes the full cycle of its development. Organisms exist here due to the close relationship between environmental factors and other representatives of the flora and fauna.