As you know, any text consists of sentences. In fact, the text is a few sentences related in meaning. But to convey information to the reader (listener), you need to understand that they are different. It is worthwhile to distinguish between sentences for the purpose of utterance, in order to use them appropriately. So, first, let's find out what the syntactic unit is. A sentence is a few words related to each other in meaning. Note that even one word or phrase can be a full sentence. It is clear that if there is a sense, then it can be diverse. Therefore, in Russian there is a certain classification. What are the suggestions on the purpose of the statement, we will tell in this article. Note that in oral speech, the sentences for the purpose of utterance are determined by intonation, and in written speech by the forms of words and their use.
So, our language distinguishes between three kinds of sentences: narrative, interrogative and stimulating. Narrative - these are the sentences that literally tell us about an event or state the fact. "Olga passed the exam perfectly," or "There is clear and warm weather in Kemerovo." It is interesting that narrative sentences predominate in Russian speech. And this is understandable, because most of the sense of communication and exchange of information is to notify anyone of anything. People often tell what they ask and encourage. Especially usually one narrative sentence requires a second one, explaining some phenomenon or event from the first.
Proposals on the purpose of utterances are andinterrogative. Here everything is clear. Any question is an interrogative sentence. "Do you love me?". It is worth noting that the narrative sentence can be transformed into an interrogative sentence. It is only necessary to change the intonation and the semantic load. "We're going to rest on the dacha" turns into "We're going to rest at the cottage?". Interrogative sentences can also be formed with the help of certain pronouns and adverbs. "Who", "what", "whose", "who", "when", "where", "why", "why", etc. help to formulate more specific questions. "Why do you eat this?", "Where is the meeting of leaders?". Please note that there are such proposals where the question does not require an answer. "Who does not like to rest on the sea?". Such questions are called rhetorical.
It seems that our language consists only ofnarratives and questions, so, what are the proposals for the purpose of utterance yet? Do not forget about incentive offers. They constitute a minority in the classification of Russian sentences, but their significance should not be underestimated. After all, with the help of them we can ask for help, order subordinates to carry out the task, give advice or wish for health and love at the holidays. In addition to the concrete intonation used for a certain type of incentive proposal (order, council, etc.), this type of sentence is formed using the singular and plural form of the verb in the second ("Come here"); particles "let", "let's", etc. ("Let him come back"); infinitive ("Stop crying!").