Philosophical worldview in the system of forms and forms of human consciousness
Philosophical world view is one of the formshuman consciousness, a system of views on the individual and his place in the world. His main component is knowledge about the world and about human being, but still the totality of knowledge is not a world view. If this were so, then, as the philosophers-enlighteners believed, it was enough to simply inform people about any knowledge, and they could change their minds without internal doubts and crises. After all, a certain position of this kind usually develops through personal attitudes, inner work, overcoming one's own problems.
Because to understand the characteristics of the philosophicalworldview, you need, first of all, to analyze this very concept. We can say that this is the name of the synthesis of knowledge and the relationship of a person to reality and himself, the integrity of his beliefs, ideals, values and orientations. The world outlook may be different, depending on the social group or belonging to any collective - public, civil, individual. It distinguishes various aspects - for example, emotionally-sensual and intellectual. Philosopher Karl Jaspers noticed that when they want to emphasize the first aspect, they usually talk about such subsystems of the world outlook as the worldview, perception of the world and attitude. The intellectual aspect is most accurately reflected in the term "world view".
Philosophical world view is one of the typesdevelopment and formation of personality, if we are talking about an individual phenomenon, and the historical type of social consciousness, if it is a question of the spiritual culture of mankind. There is also a group worldview. The term itself was introduced into philosophical discourse by Immanuel Kant. In different systems, as well as in different epochs, emotions, feelings and understanding are presented in different ways and in different ratios. However, any worldview, regardless of its structure and classification, can not exist without beliefs. They unite thoughts and ideas with aspirations and actions.
In addition, this form of self-awareness is also accepteddivided into a practical and theoretical, conceptual view. The first is dominated by common sense and traditional attitudes, often expressed in proverbs, proverbs and aphorisms, and for the latter, logical systems are inherent with their categorical apparatus and the procedures for proving and substantiating them. Philosophical outlook refers to the second type. Its functional purpose is that, thanks to this system of views, a person understands his role in the world and forms life attitudes. Thus, he focuses on solving the most important problems of his existence, he realizes the imperatives of his behavior and the meaning of life.
Historically, three main typesworld outlook - mythological, religious and philosophical. The existence of a mythological picture of the world with certain values was concluded by the French culturologist Levi-Bruhl. This form of development of human consciousness is characterized by the spiritualization of natural forces, animism and partisipation (a sense of belonging to everything that is happening in the world). However, already at the later stages of the development of myth there was also a philosophical worldview in mythopoetic form, which allowed him to generate spiritual values of an unattainable pattern. Religion as a form of awareness of humanity is a more mature stage of comprehension of the being of the individual and the world. In it, the foundations of a philosophy specific to philosophy arise. In addition, in religion, along with the worldview characteristic of myth, an important role is played by world outlook, religious ideas, which are substantiated by theologians. Nevertheless, the basis for religion is feelings and faith, and philosophy plays a subordinate character.
The philosophical worldview itself isconsistently rational, conceptual and theoretical. But it not only expounds knowledge in a conceptual form, but its ideas, the meaning of positions and concepts cause discussions and arguments, people agree or disagree, accept or not accept these theories. Thus, philosophy not only justifies itself with theoretical arguments, but also generates beliefs and faith, although, unlike religion, faith plays a secondary role in philosophical concepts. However, some philosophers call this type of worldview a belief.