Quinoa: sprawling: description, useful properties, features of application
Quinoa is a plant that manygardeners consider useless weed. They are trying to cleanse their site of it. Surely they will be surprised to learn that this inconspicuous grass has many useful properties and is even used in cooking.
Quinoa is spreading: description
It is a herbaceous annual plantto the family of amaranth (genus - quinoa). In height, it can be from 15 to 80 cm. The leaves are regular, the middle and lower have a rhomboid-lance shape and jagged edges. The upper leaves are whole-bodied, sessile, without ears.
The flowers of the swans are small, inconspicuous, collected insmall tangles. These are the apical inflorescences. They have simple perianth, five petals, which sometimes coalesce. Sometimes the perianth is absent, and it is replaced by a triangular bract. Dioecious, but monoecious, with five stamens flowers has a swan spreading. Root system is rod-shaped, branched. The root penetrates deep into the subsoil layer.
The fruit is dry, single-seeded, can be enclosed in bracts. Blooming cherry blossoms from June to mid-September. Fruits appear in August.
Quay spreading is widely represented in Europe,Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, is found in China. On the territory of our country, it grows practically in all territories, except the Far North. The quinoa also spread out in North America. She prefers treated areas, farmyards, gardens and gardens. Often you can find this plant along the roadsides.
Quay spreading is especially rich in useful substances during flowering. In the above-ground parts of the plant:
- ascorbic acid;
- essential oil;
- proteins (up to 30%);
- mineral salts.
Quicksilver: useful properties and description of medicinal compounds
Thanks to the content of a large number of medicinalthe plant has a calming, expectorant and anti-inflammatory properties. Pectins and fiber help to cleanse the body of toxins. The wound healing properties of the plant make it possible to use it in the treatment of certain skin diseases.
Quinoa is spreading, the medicinal properties of whichknown since ancient times, is successfully used in folk medicine. It prepares lotions and poultices for healing ulcers, wounds, skin inflammations. Quinoa helps to normalize the work of the digestive tract, relieve from exhausting dry cough, headache, cure jaundice and forget about gastric colic. Infusion of swans is used for thrush and prolonged, profuse menstruation.
Juice of swans (from worms)
To get fresh juice, you will needyoung, not coarsened stems and leaves of swans. Pass them through a meat grinder or grind with a blender. The resulting mass must be squeezed through gauze, folded into several layers. The resulting juice is recommended to take half an hour before meals on one spoon (canteen) three times a day.
Decoction for gout
This composition is prepared quickly and easily. You need a swan spreading - two tablespoons (dry and shredded leaves). Fill them with 0.1 liters of boiling water. Put the mixture on a slow fire for fifteen minutes. Now the broth should be filtered and the resulting amount of liquid is brought with boiling water to the initial volume. This broth should be taken before meals on a tablespoon three times a day.
Decoction with thrush
Thirty grams of finely chopped (fresh) grasspour 250 ml of water, put the container on a slow fire for about twenty minutes. Raw squeeze, and in the resulting broth add 500 ml of steep boiling water. Cool and use for douching (twice a day).
Decoction for stomatitis
Grind three teaspoons of dry herb topowder state. Pour it 300 ml of boiling water and leave for an hour in a tightly closed saucepan so that the broth is infused. Then the composition can be filtered, and the grass - squeeze. Broth should rinse the mouth in the morning and evening.
Quinoa is spreading - the plant is unique. Her leaves can be used to brew tea, which will help with coughing. He will get rid of thick, difficultly separated sputum.
Use in cooking
Leaf salad leaves are a delicious and very useful dish. It is recommended to people who are under stress, with lung and bronchial disease.
From fully ripened seeds, the swans are brewedtasty, nutritious porridge, which to taste like a semolina. In addition, the flour is prepared from seeds, having previously got rid of the impurity, the hammer. Such flour is an excellent additive for bread baking.
Quinoa is spreading - an excellent seasoning for second fish or meat dishes. The leaves of the plant are well dried and then ground.
Procurement of raw materials
In folk medicine, almost everything is usedplant: leaves, flowers, coarse stems and seeds. You can prepare medicinal preparations based on quinoa both from a fresh plant and from raw materials harvested in the summer. Do this during the flowering period. Dry it, like most herbs, under a canopy, in the air. You can use a well ventilated room for this purpose. Seeds are harvested as they mature.
The green part of the plant in dried form retains useful properties throughout the year, and seeds - three years.
All medicinal plants have some contraindications. In this sense, the quinoa is no exception.
- Medicinal preparations based on quinoa are not recommended for people suffering from cholelithiasis and urolithiasis.
- Salicylates, which are part of the swans, can provoke bleeding in people with low blood coagulability.
- Prolonged, uncontrolled intake of drugs based on this plant can exacerbate chronic diseases of the intestine and stomach.
In conclusion, I would like to say that, despitefor the presence of many useful properties, the swan spreading is not used in traditional medicine. It has quite serious contraindications, so do not start treatment without consulting your doctor, especially if you have chronic illnesses.