Khamovniki (district of Moscow): history, infrastructure, advantages
Khamovniki is a district of Moscow, on the arms of whichflax is presented, a symbol of weaving. On this place many centuries ago there was a weaving settlement. Later, the eminent people of Russia began to live on these lands. The area of the district is about 950 hectares, the number of residents is 77 thousand people. Modern boundaries of the region were determined in 1991.
Khamovniki is a district of Moscow, the location of whichwas determined Smolensk road leading to the city of Vladimir. Near it, lines of Ostozhenka and Chudovka streets were formed. In the Middle Ages not far from the Garden Ring was the Crimean ford. Through him Tatars took Kremlin buildings.
In the XVII century on one of the banks formeda small settlement from the Chudov Monastery. Earlier, the complex of the Novodevichy Monastery was built, which entered the Moscow defensive belt. It was laid by Vasily III, coming from the next campaign. Monastic letters begin in 1525 with the acquisition of the icon of the Virgin.
On the territory of the monastery there are many historical monuments, preserved to this day:
- Smolensky Cathedral;
- the royal chambers;
- guardroom for the streltsy.
Today the monastery is functioning, at the same timeit is part of the history museum. The monastery is an object of world value, it is protected by UNESCO. At the nearest Novodevichy cemetery are located the burial places of famous people: actors, military, writers.
Near Ostozhenka there are buildings of Zachatievskymonastery. It was founded in the 16th century. From the monastery there were gates, parts of the walls. Nearby formed an elite area of Moscow - Ostozhenka, its second name - "Golden Mile".
How did the name appear?
Khamovniki is a region of Moscow, whose namewent from the Old Russian word. In the 17th century, weavers lived near Chudovka, making cloth made of flax. Len in Russian called "boor". For this reason, the territory was called Khamovniki.
First, a hamster's court was formed, laterturned into a weaving settlement. In 1679, at the insistence of the weavers, the church of St. Nicholas was built. This church is white, decorated with Russian designs.
In the XVIII century in Khamovniki began to openManufactory. One of the first such enterprises was the manufactory of Thomas. Years later, Khamovniki barracks were built in its place. The officer's estate was called the "House of Chefs".
Until the 19th century there were many lawns and gardens in these places. They owned Chudov Monastery, Earl of Orlov. Later, along the Moscow River, settlements of archers and monastery gardens were formed.
Such a picturesque area in the XVII century interestedmany notable people. It began to emerge estates with parks and ponds. Famous are the estates of the Golitsyns and Trubetskoe, as well as Denis Davydov. The buildings have been preserved so far, they are on the street Prechistenka.
Khamovniki is a district of Moscow, full of architectural monuments. The ancient image of this area has survived to this day. Outstanding buildings are the complex of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Museum of PUshkina, the chamber of Prechistenka.
Among the institutions of the executive power of Moscow is the Khamovniki district government. It deals with administrative, coordinating and monitoring activities in various spheres.
The Federal Migration Service of Moscow in the Khamovniki district performs migration control of the population, prepares passports and visas.
There are several subway stations in the district that are part of the Sokolniki branch.
Transport moves along the Garden Ring, Third Ring Road, Komsomolsky Avenue, Ostozhenka, Volkhonka. The movement of transport is organized along the embankments of the Moskva River.
In Khamovniki a large number of medicalinstitutions. These are the Sechenov Academy, and the Scientific Center for Surgery, and the Serbsky Research Institute, the Sysin Research Institute. There are many prestigious universities in the region, as well as schools, including highly specialized ones.
Institutions of culture and sports
The cultural heritage of Russia is the various museums located in Khamovniki, a district of Moscow. Among them:
- complex of the Novodevichy Convent;
- Pushkin Museum;
- the mansion where Herzen lived;
- the Cathedral of Christ the Savior;
- art galleries.
Numerous concert halls, squares, theaters are always open to residents and guests of these places.
The largest sports stadium "Luzhniki" is located in Khamovniki. There are numerous schools and sports sections.
The construction of Khamovniki is of great importance. It is here that there is a picturesque Frunzenskaya embankment.
The development of the region began after the revolution. First, the territories of the Frunzenskaya embankment and Komsomolsky Avenue were built up. Then the scale increased, Frunzenskaya embankment became granite, there were Stalinist buildings near the Moscow River. The Ministry of Defense was built. In 1958, Komsomolsky Avenue was erected, where high-rise buildings were rapidly growing.
In the early 70's for the employees of the Central Committee were built comfortable houses made of bricks.
Today, the construction of the district is done point-by-point. Among the buildings of recent years - an elite house in Nesvizhsky lane, housing and administrative complexes "La Défense", "Camelot", a prestigious house in Obolensky pereulok.
The famous "Golden Mile" is a model of careful building with preservation of historical buildings. Apartments in the Khamovniki area in Moscow - this is the most expensive housing in Russia.
Khamovniki have a long history. But in our time the popularity of the district is not weakening. This is due to its advantages. These include:
- presence of cultural monuments;
- favorable ecological situation;
- green areas;
- excellent infrastructure;
- comfortable living conditions.
Due to such undeniable advantages, the Khamovniki region is considered one of the best districts of Moscow.