What is the purpose of the watch: the history of occurrence, classification and types
The clock in recent times is, perhaps, oneof the main men's accessories, able to emphasize the status of their owner. Looking at a successful and rich man, no one will think about why a watch worth tens of thousands of dollars is needed - everything speaks for itself. In the article, we will talk about how the named accessory appeared in people's everyday life, and how it became a luxury item.
Watch is the best decoration for a man
As can be seen from the history, men neverlagged behind ladies in love of all kinds of jewelry. What did their costume or weapon, shining from precious encrustations, cost! And the fingers of representatives of blue blood were laced with rings as much as their beautiful companions.
In our time, the abundance of jewelry on a man (ifin front of us, of course, not a punk, metal or rocker) can cause confusion among others, moreover, it is able to emphasize the lack of taste and sense of measure. Therefore, wealthy mature men prefer to have fashion items - it can be an elegant tie clip, expensive pen, cufflinks, money clip, lighter and, of course, a wristwatch.
For what hours are needed, in this case it is not necessary to reflect - this is a real man's adornment, which can also clearly indicate the degree of success of a particular person.
He is wealthy and reliable!
Luxury watches made in Switzerland, these daysare perceived as an indicator of serious prosperity. After all, they, as you know, do not relate to the goods of prime necessity. A person starting to build up his fortune will first take care of purchasing a car, housing, and only when all this is already there, he will be able to afford and watch. That is, recently all known device for measuring time has become a symbol of luxury, allowing to draw to the image of a particular person and other attributes of her - an expensive car, a country house and a high position in society - even if he is dressed modestly.
It should be understood that now expensive watches are not neededfor measuring time - they are nowadays, rather, as an additional guarantee in their relations with business partners. Indeed, the presence of this attribute indicates that the owner has already achieved success in business, which means that he can be trusted.
And now the history of the clock: what are the hours?
But before the firstwristwatches (by the way, they were ordered by Napoleon's sister watchmaker Berg), people watched the time with the help of devices differing in both size and internal arrangement.
Along with the development of science and technology, theirkinds. If in the beginning they were: solar, depending on the movement of the light through the sky; water, representing a complex engineering structure; or all known, sand, for which you can trace only a certain period of time, then with the advent of more complex mechanisms in the everyday life of man, the clock became mechanical, quartz, electric, electronic and even atomic.
How the watch is divided according to the purpose
Depending on what the watch is for, or rather, from their direct purpose, they are divided into the following types:
- Alarm clock is a device that not only shows the time, but also allows you to set the alarm for a certain hour and minute.
- Stopwatch, measuring the time interval to the nearest hundredth of a second.
- A timer capable at a given moment not only to issue a certain signal, but also to turn on or turn off some equipment, both domestic and industrial.
- Underwater hours, adapted for stayunder the water. They should be waterproof, resistant to high pressure and not to be affected by sea water. The dial of such watches is adapted for reading, even with poor visibility and for exhibiting time intervals limiting stay under water.
- For what are the hours, called astronomical,from the name is difficult to understand. But in fact it is an ultra-precise device, in principle, not different in design from ordinary watches. But for special accuracy, it requires devices that are too expensive to be used in them. Some astronomical clocks also show the flow of planets, the position of the moon, the state of tides and tides, and so on.
Types of watches
Types of clocks can be determined without difficulty. Everyone knows, for example, a tower clock that notifies residents of the city of their time with a solemn battle.
Somewhat smaller dimensions (although sometimesnot much!) they differ from the floor. As a rule, they were a monumental creation, in the form of a fantastically decorated wooden and sometimes metal case, through a glass window in which one could see the dial at the top and a large pendulum at the bottom. Looking at them, there was no need to guess what the watch needed for - this work of art was decorated with rich people's living rooms, checking the daily routine of the whole family.
Many houses were decorated and very populara clock with a cuckoo. They were hanged on the wall, and every hour a wooden bird appeared from the window above the dial, informing its "ku-ku", which is the hour. By the way, they were invented in the 18th century, and since then they have not changed much. And the birthplace of cuckoo clocks is a small town of Triberg in Germany.
How a pocket watch competed with wristwatches
For convenience of time determination in any placeas late as the 15th century. pocket watches were invented. The very first specimen had the shape of an egg and only one arrow. And they became so popular that they were worn in the hand or on the neck, like a suspension. Even when in the 19 century. appeared wristwatch, pocket did not want to give up. Moreover, they even influenced some fashion trends of that time. So, for men, the waistcoat pocket had a special cut, because the chain from the pocket watch had to gracefully descend from it.
But World War I helped to understand better, forthey needed a wristwatch - they were much more convenient than pocket watches during military operations and military campaigns, and therefore they were followed by large orders from the army.
Although all the same, the fashion for pocket watches lasted until the middle of the 20th century. For lovers of the elegant, they were a very valuable gift, because some of their copies cost up to a million dollars.
The watch is an integral part of human life
Yes, a long time to think about what we needhours, perhaps, there is no point. First and foremost, it is a device that allows us to navigate in time, plan our affairs and have time to meet. Without them, the life of modern man would turn into chaos.
In addition, the watch is an accessory that helps decoratehousing, making it not only stylish, but also more cozy. After all, many of their quiet ticking in the room is associated with home rest and relaxation. And - at last - this is a reliable way to determine the status of a person and his material capabilities.