The philosophy of religion from antiquity to our times
Religion is an integral part of spiritual lifesociety. Probably everyone knows what religion is, its definition can be formed as follows: it is belief in divine or supernatural forces, in the power of Providence. A person can live without religion, of course, maybe in the world about 4-5 percent of atheists. However, the religious worldview forms a high moral values for a believer,
However, despite the apparent simplicity of the questionreligions, the best scientific minds have for centuries tried to understand the phenomenon of the ineradicable faith of mankind in forces that are much stronger than us, something that no one has ever seen. So one of the directions of philosophical thought was formed, called the philosophy of religion. She deals with such issues as studying the phenomenon of religion, religious worldview, the possibility of knowing the divine essence, as well as trying to prove or disprove the existence of God.
The philosophy of religion was studied by such prominentscientists like Kant, Hegel, Descartes, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Feuerbach, Huxley, Nietzsche, Dewey and many others. The philosophy of religion originated in ancient Greece during the Hellenistic period, its main question was how to get rid of the problems of being and merge with the Divine. In this period
In the Middle Ages, when all spheres of lifesociety is totally controlled by the church, religion is the only way to cognize being, the only law is the Holy Scripture. One of the strongest trends of religious philosophy of the time was patristicism (the doctrine of the "fathers of the church") and scholasticism, defending the foundations of Christianity and the institution of the church.
As an independent discipline, the philosophy of religion originated in the era