Dioscoreia of the Caucasus: description and properties
Caucasian dioscorea is herbaceousperennial liana. It has horizontally growing and slightly ramified rhizomes. On the main shoot, forming the main axis, the remaining shoots grow (in natural conditions only 1-2 for the whole year).
Dioscorea caucasus: its range
The plant occupies a very small area. The area of Dioscorea is limited to the western Transcaucasia: from the Mzymta basin it stretches to the Kodori River in the southeast. In the north, the boundaries of the range go along the spurs of the Caucasian ridge. There, dioscorea occurs at a height of one and a half kilometers above sea level. Once the plant's area stretched to the Black Sea. But now only its separate locations are known there. Thus, the modern area of Dioscorea has turned out to be very elongated. At a width of 20 km. its length is 200 km.
Dioscorea caucasus: ecology
Caucasian Dioscorea: Procession
Procurement is carried out only in the spring or in the autumn, when the fruits will ripen. In the excavated rhizomes dioscorei separates the decayed parts and those that towered above the ground, shake the earth.
The root of Dioscoreania of the Caucasus: use
In medical practice the drug is useddiosponin. It contains not less than 30% of the Caucasian dioscorea saponins soluble in water. Taking diosponin helps reduce the blood cholesterol, lowers blood pressure. He is also prescribed for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis (especially if it is combined with hypertension), cardiosclerosis. With cholelithiasis, with relapses of jaundice appoint cholelithine, which includes the infusion of fresh roots of the plant. There is evidence that the treatment of neglected gastritis is also effective dioscorea Caucasian. The testimonies of patients who used diosponin in treatment, testify to its ability to rapidly lower the level of cholesterol, without creating any side effects. Important is the lack of contraindications to the use of drugs based on dioscorea.