Dioscoreia of the Caucasus: description and properties

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Caucasian dioscorea is herbaceousperennial liana. It has horizontally growing and slightly ramified rhizomes. On the main shoot, forming the main axis, the remaining shoots grow (in natural conditions only 1-2 for the whole year).

dioscorea caucasian
Sleeping buds and base of stems are located inthe top part of the rhizome. The number of their groups makes it possible to determine the age of dioscorea. The location of the petiolate leaves of the egg-shaped form varies: the bottom is whorled, and the top is the next one. Flowers - both male and female - are yellow-green in color, located in axillary ears. The fruit looks like a bare box with three wings, and it ripens in September. The plant blooms from May to July.

Dioscorea caucasus: its range

The plant occupies a very small area. The area of ​​Dioscorea is limited to the western Transcaucasia: from the Mzymta basin it stretches to the Kodori River in the southeast. In the north, the boundaries of the range go along the spurs of the Caucasian ridge. There, dioscorea occurs at a height of one and a half kilometers above sea level. Once the plant's area stretched to the Black Sea. But now only its separate locations are known there. Thus, the modern area of ​​Dioscorea has turned out to be very elongated. At a width of 20 km. its length is 200 km.

Dioscorea caucasus: ecology

dioscorea caucasian reviews
The highest point on which it was discoveredplant - 1.6 km above sea level. For Dioscorea is characteristic of the southern slopes. From the eastern and western sides, it grows only in well-lit places. On the northern slope of the dioscorea, if found, it never gives fruit. Despite the fact that the plant tolerates slight shading, it can not be found in evergreen forests. In natural conditions, the dioscore begins to throw out shoots in April, in May or early June it is already blooming, and in September yields fruits.

Caucasian Dioscorea: Procession

Procurement is carried out only in the spring or in the autumn, when the fruits will ripen. In the excavated rhizomes dioscorei separates the decayed parts and those that towered above the ground, shake the earth.

root of Dioscorean Caucasian
Then they are cut into small pieces and dried on aattics. It is impossible to dig up absolutely all the rhizomes, since dioscorea is renewed very slowly in natural conditions. To its thickets after harvesting completely restored, it takes 15, or even 20 years.

The root of Dioscoreania of the Caucasus: use

In medical practice the drug is useddiosponin. It contains not less than 30% of the Caucasian dioscorea saponins soluble in water. Taking diosponin helps reduce the blood cholesterol, lowers blood pressure. He is also prescribed for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis (especially if it is combined with hypertension), cardiosclerosis. With cholelithiasis, with relapses of jaundice appoint cholelithine, which includes the infusion of fresh roots of the plant. There is evidence that the treatment of neglected gastritis is also effective dioscorea Caucasian. The testimonies of patients who used diosponin in treatment, testify to its ability to rapidly lower the level of cholesterol, without creating any side effects. Important is the lack of contraindications to the use of drugs based on dioscorea.

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