The threshold of profitability is the basis of the firm's work
The threshold of profitability is the profit from sales,which completely covers all the costs of a corporation. It should be borne in mind that this firm does not receive profit, but it does not remain at a loss. In other words, it can be said that this is a zero indicator, which is a sign that the enterprise is working, but only the turnover of money is "given-receive", without leaks and proceeds.
The pure theory
Drawing an analogy with mathematics, without whichit is extremely difficult to imagine the economy, we come to the conclusion that the profitability threshold is zero. This borderline value is neither a good sign nor a bad sign. In which way things will move forward, depends on the specific situation. If the next transaction of the enterprise turns out to be successful, the profitability threshold will be exceeded, that is, the revenue will be received. If the deal waxes or fails for other reasons, this indicator will be below zero, which means working at a loss.
We perform a short calculation
It should also be noted that the profitability thresholdIs the sum of the components with which it is calculated. First, constant costs are determined, which do not depend on production volumes. Among them we can name rent of a premise, service of equipment, the salary to employees, etc. After variable costs are calculated. They depend on the volume of output, and further influence profit.
How things stand in practice
Modern creditors who support smalland large enterprises, always connect such concepts as the threshold of profitability and the margin of financial strength. The explanation is much simpler than it sounds: it means that the enterprise's revenues exceed this very zero threshold, which shows that the work is not at a loss. After all, each sponsor is important to know that the company will be able not only to pay interest for the use of credit funds, but also to repay the main debt within the agreed term.
Formulas and calculations
Now let's look at how economists see this very threshold of profitability. His formula is very simple:
- Revenue x fixed costs / revenue - variable costs.
Easiest with these metricsto calculate the financial capacity of the enterprise. If we consider the profitability threshold from the so-called natural point of view, then we derive another formula:
- constant costs / revenue per unit of output - costs per unit of output.
Some people are more easily guided through the analysis of these data.
Other options for determining profitability
When considering this economic equivalentin the form of a schedule it becomes clear that the enterprise achieves its profitability when the income line crosses zero and rises above gross costs. At this stage there can be no losses, the indicator can only grow. The threshold of profitability is the percentage that indicates the use of funds in the company. It is also sometimes expressed in profit per unit of funds that were invested for it. This information may be available to the company's management, as well as to banks and lenders that cooperate with it.