Postmodernism in philosophy
Postmodernism in philosophy is the most ambiguousphenomenon in the whole history of human thought. He has his prophets, adherents and theoreticians. Exactly the same current has opponents and those who disagree with his ideas. This philosophy is scandalous and unconventional, so she finds either her fans or ardent haters. It is difficult to understand in it, it is a lot of interesting and controversial. It is like a smile of a Cheshire cat, which can be perceived or ignored, based on one's own convictions and moods.
The term "postmodernism" to the same extentused to denote the state and philosophy, and culture of the Western world in the second half of the 20th century. Among the most outstanding figures, the nobleness of which postmodernism in philosophy received its design, you can name Jacques Lacan, Gilles Deleuze, Isaka Derrida, Michel Foucault and others. Among the theorists are the names of Nietzsche, Schopenhauer and Heidegger. The very term for the phenomenon was fixed thanks to the works of J. Lyotard.
A complex phenomenon characterized by equally ambiguous manifestations in culture and the way of thinking is the philosophy of postmodernism. The main ideas of this trend are as follows.
First of all, this is the "loss of the subject" of philosophy,appeal to all and to no one at the same time. Prophets of this current are playing with styles, mixing the meanings of previous eras, sorting out quotations, confusing their audience in their complicated production. This philosophy blurs the lines between forms, structures, institutions and, in general, all determinants. Postmodernism claims to invent "a new way of thinking and ideology", whose goal is to break the foundations, traditions, get rid of the classics, revise values and philosophy as such.
Postmodernism is a philosophy preaching rejection ofold ideals, but at the same time it does not create new ones, but, on the contrary, calls for abandoning them in principle, as from ideas distracting from real life. Its ideologists are striving to create a fundamentally new, "radically different from all that has been known up to now," a life-giving culture, "in which a person must acquire an absolutely complete freedom, free of all limits (including rationality and conscience). Order in the culture they want to replace the chaos, so that cultures become a great many, in the same way should be a variety of political systems, between which also should not remain facets.
How does postmodernism see man? For new prophets, people should cease being evaluated through the prism of their individuality, the boundaries between geniuses and mediocrities, heroes and crowds must be completely destroyed.
Postmodernism in philosophy tries to provethe crisis of humanism, considering that the mind can create only such a culture that standardizes a person. Philosophers reject an optimistic and progressive view of history. They undermine logical schemes, power structures, the cultivation of ideals, the search for uniformity as obsolete and not leading to progress.
If in the modernist philosophy the orientation was on a person's life, now emphasis is placed on the resistance of the world to man and his unreasonable impact on this world.
Its popularity is postmodernism in philosophyaccording to most investigators, is not due to his achievements (because there are none at all), but rather an unprecedented avalanche of criticism that fell upon his preachers. Postmodernism does not make any sense in its philosophy, does not reflect, but only plays in discourses - that's all he could offer the world. The game is the main rule. And what kind of game, the game in what - no one knows. There is no goal, no rules, no sense. This is a game for the sake of the game, emptiness, "simulacrum," "copy of the copy."
Man, postmodernists say, is only a puppet"The flow of Desire" and "discursive practices." With this attitude, it is difficult to generate something positive and progressive. Postmodernism in philosophy is the decline of thought, if you will, the self-destruction of philosophy. Since there are no faces, then there is no good, no evil, no truth, no lies. This trend is very dangerous for culture.