Types of hamsters suitable for domestic maintenance
Wild species of hamsters in nature live insteppe zones of Eastern Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Hamsters are nocturnal animals: they dig under the ground long, ramified passages with living chambers, in which they spend the whole day. On the surface, they go out at night to get their own food.
Most of these animals, including domestic animalstypes of hamsters, have cheek pouches in which food is transferred. They are quite roomy: for example, for example, a Syrian hamster can stuff a cheek for food, the total weight of which exceeds half its own weight! Hamsters are accustomed to make reserves: in nature they store the food collected in a hole in a cheek bag in living cells. These rodents feed on plants, nuts, various seeds.
The most common variety of hamsters,contained in the home - the so-called Syrian, it's also golden. It is somewhat larger than other decorative species of hamsters. This animal must be kept in a separate cage: Syrian hamsters do not like to share their territory with anyone. The rest of the hamsters, suitable for living in dwellings - dwarfish - are more communicative and get along well both in pairs and in colonies. At the same time, they show aggression towards their masters much more often than Syrian ones. Among the dwarf species are the Dzhungar hamster, Campbell's hamster, the Chinese and Roborovsky's hamster.
Syrian hamsters are more suitable forfamilies with children. They are contact and well-tamed. This species lends itself to elementary training: thus, a Syrian hamster can be taught to run out to the owner for his nickname. He easily gets used to cope with his needs in a special toilet for hamsters. Syrian hamsters can be as one-color (cream, white, black, ivory, chocolate, etc.), and have a mixed color - wool with a different color at the base and at the tips. In addition to color, there are also different suits: there are spotty, bordered, tortoiseshell, chubby Syrian hamsters. Their types differ in the length of the wool, as well as in its type or texture (satin wool - short, shiny, "rex" - wool slightly longer, slightly curly). Very beautiful and nice long-haired Syrian hamsters, the so-called Angora. Care for them, in addition to feeding and cleaning the cage, should include regular combing of the hair - otherwise it falls into dirty lumps.
Dzhungar hamsters are the most peaceful anda sociable kind of dwarfish. Outwardly they are very nice and attractive: they remind small little balls with black pearly eyes. These hamsters are animals that are sociable: they need to be given daily attention. Most of the "jungariks" have a natural color - dark gray, with a light tummy. Along the ridge, this hamster has a dark strip, and on its head there is a rhombus of darker color than the rest of the wool. Outwardly, Campbell's hamsters look like them, which have fur of a brownish-gray hue. This type of dwarf hamsters - the most aggressive and poorly tamed, but behind the habits of these animals is very interesting to observe.
Hamster Roborovsky - the tiniest kind of thesepets. Its length is only 4-5 cm, for this reason to contain hamsters Roborovsky can only be in terrariums. These kids spend most of the day awake and are in motion (other types of hamsters are active at night, which can cause some inconvenience in their content). Roborovsky's hamsters do not bite and children can easily take them in hand, however their excessive mobility can cause slippage and falling from height. This hamster has a sand color, a characteristic feature of it are white "eyebrows" and abdomen. In our country, this variety is still not widely spread, as it is difficult to breed them: even from a couple who live together for several years, it is difficult to get offspring.
Having studied different types of hamsters, everyone canchoose for yourself is the animal that suits him more than others. Before you get this tiny pet, it is advisable to study special literature in order to familiarize yourself with the rules of its content and create the most comfortable conditions for a hamster.